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What is Raspberry Pi ?
The Raspberry Pi is a low cost, credit-card sized computer that plugs into a computer monitor or TV, and uses a standard keyboard and mouse. It is a capable little device that enables people of all ages to explore computing, and to learn how to program in languages like Scratch and Python. It’s capable of doing everything you’d expect a desktop computer to do, from browsing the internet and playing high-definition video, to making spreadsheets, word-processing, and playing games.
What’s more, the Raspberry Pi has the ability to interact with the outside world, and has been used in a wide array of digital maker projects, from music machines and parent detectors to weather stations and tweeting birdhouses with infra-red cameras. We want to see the Raspberry Pi being used by kids all over the world to learn to program and understand how computers work.
Raspberry Pi Foundation
The Raspberry Pi Foundation is a registered educational charity (registration number 1129409) based in the UK. Our Foundation’s goal is to advance the education of adults and children, particularly in the field of computers, computer science and related subjects.
When you buy a Raspberry pi, you are essentially buying an assembled printed circuit board. It does not even include a power supply or Operating system. Because the RPi just uses standard USB keyboard and mice, most of the setup is pretty straightforward, so you will concentrate only on those tasks that are specific to the Raspberry pi.
Big problem is Slecting a model of Raspberry pi. there are may models of RPi and you are not sure which to use.
If you want a Raspberry Pi for general use, then you should buy a Raspberry pi 3, 3B+ or 2 model B. with four times as much memory and a quad core processor. It will cope with most tasks much better than the Pi Zero or model A+ with single processors. the RPi 3, 3model B+ has the great advantage of having WiFi built in, so ther’s no need for an extra USB WiFi adapter.
Raspberry Pi Boards
- RaspberryPi 3 Model A+ => Our third-generation single-board computer, now in the A+ format
- RaspberryPi 3 Model B+ =>The latest revision of our third-generation single-board computer
- RaspberryPi 3 Model B =>Our third-generation single-board computer
- RaspberryPi 2 Model B =>The RPi 2 Model B is the second-generation Raspberry Pi
- RaspberryPi 1 Model B+ =>The Model B+ is the final revision of the original Raspberry Pi
- RaspberryPi 1 Model A+ =>The Model A+ is the low-cost variant of the Raspberry Pi
- RaspberryPi Zero W =>Single-board computer with wireless and Bluetooth connectivity
- RaspberryPi Zero =>Our lowest-cost single-board computer
Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+
The Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ is the latest product in the Raspberry Pi 3 range.
- Broadcom BCM2837B0, Cortex-A53 (ARMv8) 64-bit SoC @ 1.4GHz
- 1GB LPDDR2 SDRAM
- 2.4GHz and 5GHz IEEE 802.11.b/g/n/ac wireless LAN, Bluetooth 4.2, BLE
- Gigabit Ethernet over USB 2.0 (maximum throughput 300 Mbps)
- Extended 40-pin GPIO header
- Full-size HDMI
- 4 USB 2.0 ports
- CSI camera port for connecting a Raspberry Pi camera
- DSI display port for connecting a Raspberry Pi touchscreen display
- 4-pole stereo output and composite video port
- Micro SD port for loading your operating system and storing data
- 5V/2.5A DC power input
- Power-over-Ethernet (PoE) support (requires separate PoE HAT)
The RPi 3 Model B+ has undergone extensive compliance testing, and meets the following European standards:
- Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC) 2014/30/EU
- Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive 2011/65/EU
The dual-band wireless LAN comes with modular compliance certification. This allows the board to be designed into end product with significantly reduced wireless LAN compliance testing, improving both cost and time to market.
Getting Started with Raspberry Pi
You need A operating system, memory card, Monitor, keyboard and mouse. But you want to use headless RPi
Please visit this article –How To Use Raspberry pi in a truely headless mode
What is the best OS for Raspberry Pi?
Officially RPi recommended Raspbian OS for RPi. Raspbian is a free operating system based on Debian optimized for the RPi hardware. An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your RPi run. However, Raspbian provides more than a pure OS: it comes with over 35,000 packages, pre-compiled software bundled in a nice format for easy installation on your RPi.
Raspberry Pi For Internet of things (IoT)
Yes RPi can used in IoT. Because RPi is a SoB- System on Board. RPi support various Operating System. Mostly RPi used as Iot Gateway. The internet of things (IoT) is the rapidly growing network of devices(things) connected to the Internet. the does not just mean more and more computers using browsers, but appliances and wearable and portable technology. This includes all sorts of homes automation from smart appliances and lighting, to security systems and even Internet-operated pet feeders, as well as lots of less practicals and fun projects.
You can program hardware on the RPi?
You can, via the row of pins at the top edge of the board (of the 40, 26 are GPIO pins). By attaching hardware like LEDs, sensors and motors to these pins you are able to interact with them using the Pi. Writing simple programs will allow you to send signals via the pins to control the attached hardware–for example making an LED flash– or to read a signal sent from the attached hardware via the pins–for example to take a measurement from a sensor.
Recommended: RaspberryPi GPIO Basics
Raspberry Pi Tutorials
Some tutorials are given below:
- How To Use RPi in a truely headless mode
- Remote control your RPi from your PC with VNC!
- RPi GPIO Basics
- Interfacing a light Sensor (LDR) with RPi
- Controlling LED with RPi
- Controlling LED with RPi PART-2
- Getting Started with The Sense HAT
- Setting up SPI on RPi
- How To Setup Static IP Address on RPi
- Simple RPi Home Security System
- How to setup Bluetooth on a RPi 3
Where does the name Raspberry Pi come from?
Raspberry is a reference to a fruit naming tradition in the old days of microcomputers. A lot of computer companies were named after fruit. There’s Tangerine Computer Systems, Apricot Computers, and the old British company Acorn, which is a family of fruit.
Pi is because originally we were going to produce a computer that could only really run Python. So the Pi in there is for Python. Now you can run Python on the RPi but the design we ended up going with is much more capable than the original we thought of, so it’s kind of outlived its name a little bit.
Can I use the Raspberry Pi 3 as a desktop PC?
The Pi can be run as a budget desktop, providing you have the patience. However, don’t expect the Pi 3 to match a typical PC, it will lag loading heavier websites and, when browsing these demanding sites, having more than a handful of tabs open at once runs the risk of overloading the Pi’s memory–causing a lengthy freeze.
Can I browse the web using the Raspberry Pi 3?
Yes, the latest version of the RPi’s official OS has the Chromium browser, the open-source browser that Chrome is based on. It’s performance is reasonable, as long as you don’t open too many script-laden websites, and there are extensions that allow for smooth playback of video on YouTube and other sites.
Can I use the Raspberry Pi 3 as a media center?
Yes, there are various options if you want to use the Pi 3 as a media center but the most popular choices are the Kodi-based OSes OSMC or LibreElec. The Pi 3 has the added advantage of a slightly faster graphics processor, which the RPi Foundation has said is able to play local H.264-encoded video recorded at 1920×1080 resolution and 60 frames per second. Another advantage is built-in support for Wi-Fi makes it easier to stream content to the Pi, while native Bluetooth simplifies the hooking up peripherals.
Can the Raspberry Pi 3 run Windows 10?
Yes, but it’s nothing like the full desktop version of Windows 10 that most people are familiar with. Instead the Pi 3 runs Windows 10 IoT Core, a cutdown version of Windows 10 that doesn’t boot into the graphical desktop and is designed to controlled via a command line interface on a remote computer. It can only run a single fullscreen Universal Windows Platform app at a time, for example a kiosk app for a retail store, although other software can run in the background.
However, the Pi can act as a Windows 10 thin client, where Windows 10 is run on a server and streamed to the Pi and, with a powerful enough server, the experience can be virtually identical to running a Windows 10 machine.
Can the Raspberry Pi 3 run Ubuntu?
It can run Ubuntu with various desktops, with the RPi Foundation highlighting Ubuntu Mate and Ubuntu Snappy Core as standouts.
How do I keep the Raspberry Pi 3 up to date?
If you’re running the Pi’s official Raspbian operating system then keeping the Pi up to date is relatively straightforward. Just open the terminal and type sudo apt-get update. Once the update is complete, then type sudo apt-get dist-upgrade.
What power supply do I need for the Raspberry Pi 3?
The best choice is the official RPi Foundation power supply, which is rated at 2.5A5.1V. This is in contrast to the 2A5V-rated supply used by earlier boards.
What size micro SD card do I need for the Raspberry Pi 3?
If you’re installing the official Raspbian OS you’ll need at least an 8GB micro SD card, whereas for the Raspbian Lite you’ll need a minimum of 4GB.
How do I SSH into my Raspberry Pi?
Yes, Visit this — How To Use Raspberrypi in a truely headless mode
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